It is estimated that 400 billion cups of coffee are drunk worldwide each year. In sum, this amounts to some 1684 cups per second. As a result, coffee is the third most consumed drink in the world, behind water and tea. But, to come to the coffee of the cups, it is necessary to go through several processes. They then go from the production of the product to its retail sale. If you don't want to introduce you to the whole coffee industry, here are 3 things to know about coffee!
There are two main varieties of coffee
In the world, two great varieties of coffee are widely known. The first and the one that is the subject of more roasting is the arabica. This strain is historically the very first to be cultured by humans. To date, it represents around 75 % of world production. The world's leading producer of arabica coffee is Brazil. The second variety of coffee is robusta. To this, we must add other very little known varieties that are the liberica and thearabusta. Depending on the variety, the aromas are different. To this end, do not hesitate to discover the model perfect coffee maker for the best drink.
The coffee industry is dominated by 4 large multinationals
The global coffee (roasting) industry is dominated by 4 large multinationals. On their own, they concentrate the processing of more than half of the coffees marketed in the world. These include, among others:
- Nestlé ?;
- Mondelez International ?;
- D.E. Master Blenders 1753 ?;
- Procter & Gamble.
The particularity of this ranking is that the last three companies cited are American. The first in the ranking is on the other hand Switzerland. It has been roasting for a few years more than 50 % of the world's soluble coffee. Its main import market is Vietnam which is the largest producer of Robusta in the world.
The largest coffee producing countries are all located in the tropics
The largest coffee producing countries are Brazil for arabica and Vietnam for robusta. With more than 2 million hectares of coffee trees, Brazil supplies a third of the world's coffee. Paradoxically, the largest coffee consuming countries in the world are the countries of the North. Thus, Finland, Norway, Iceland and Denmark lead the world ranking.
With on average 300,000 tonnes of coffee consumed, France is ranked 19th in the world. And unlike wine and spirits, the consumption of which is declining, coffee intake is increasing in households every year in France. Speaking of wines, discover here the wine cellar par excellence.
Overall, the coffee industry is quite dynamic. Thus, people will consume this drink more while the production promises are pessimistic. To this day, she is the third most consumed drink in the world, but in France, it is the second. Responsible (intensive coffee cultivation) for ecological and even social damage, all stakeholders are now thinking about new perspectives for the production and marketing of this very important product.