The little bubbles which crackle happily in your champagne flutes did not happen there by chance! They are the result of many years of hard work, care and attention from the manufacturers. These are also several years old manufacturing techniques that they still use today with a little mix of technology of course. But how is the champagne in this case and Dom Pérignon more particularly?
The legend of Dom Pérignon
Dom Pérignon is not just the name of this famous vintage known throughout the world for its delicacy and its extraordinary taste. Legend has it that it was a monk, the cellar of the Benedictine abbey of Hautviller named after Dom Pérignon, who was at the origin of the Champagne method. In his time, he would have had some experience in making Abbey wines, which would have resulted in the creation of bubbly wines, which later became champagne.
The assembly of 3 grape varieties, the use of a cork stopper, but also thicker bottles to condition the champagne produced, packaging in chalk pits, all of this is at Dom Pérignon that we should. Some say that Dom Pérignon would have poured beeswax to plug the necks of the bottles in order to make them as airtight as possible and to conserve gas. After a few weeks all the bottles exploded and the explanation given said that the sugar from the beeswax had fallen into the wine causing an unexpected effervescence from which the bubbles originated!
How is Dom Pérignon champagne made
There are many stages that must be taken to successfully make a Dom Pérignon, starting with alcoholic fermentation, a process during which the grape juice becomes a still wine. Then there is the assembly of the champagne, generally 3 grape varieties are blended, they come from different harvests and from different places. Then comes the bottling where sugar and yeast are added to the blend.
The malolactic fermentation thus begins and also the formation of bubbles. For maturation, the bottles of champagne are stored horizontally in a cool and dark cellar, during this period the bottles are turned every day to remove the lees. But beware, a self-respecting Dom Pérignon must age at least ten years to achieve the finesse and refinement so sought after with this luxurious champagne that you can enjoy on special occasions or offer it as a gift if you wish.